Iguazu, a Guarani Indian word meaning Big Waters, is the best description for the largest and most impressive waterfalls of the world. Discovered in 1541 by the Spanish conquistador Alvar Nuñez Cabeza de Vaca, Iguazu Falls span a 2700m semi-circle. Water cascades down from a height of between 40 and 80 m from 275 different falls at an impressive volume of 1750 cubic meters per second. Iguazu is the frontier between Argentina and Brazil and most cascades are on the Argentine side.
The highlight is Devil’s Throat where the sheer force of the falling water fills the air with clouds of spray and mist from water rebounding up to 30 m and creating a moving spectrum of rainbows.
The climate is subtropical, the soil red in contrast to the luxuriant vegetation with some 2000 different species: multicolored orchids, rosewood, black lapacho with pink flowers, slender palm trees. The fauna is also abundant and varied: jaguar, tiger-cat, foxes, noisy tapirs, peccaries, monkeys and 400 species of colorful birds, toucans, parrots, woodpeckers, hummingbirds, and the vencejo, a small bird that nests behind the falls and can be seen darting in and out of the cascading water. Look out for the butterflies, with fascinating vivid colors and designs.
How to get there
-Domestic flight time from Buenos Aires to Puerto Iguazu: 1 HR 45 MINS
-Distance from Puerto Iguazú to Buenos Aires: 1385 km
Esteros del Iberá Natural Reserve
The Ibera Natural Reserve is located in the province of Corrientes, in the northeast of the Argentine Republic. The Iberá marshes are one of the largest moist areas in the world. It is the second moist soil area in South America.
The Natural Iberá Reserve covers 14% of the Province of Corrientes with a surface area of 1.300.000 hectares. It is one of the most important drinking water reserves on the continent. It is the largest protected area in Argentina.
The Natural Iberá Reserve, home of a significant variety of fauna, is a natural paradise unique in its type. It shelters the four animal species called the
Province´s natural monuments, that is: the river wolf, the “aguará guazú”, the pampas deer and the marsh deer.
It houses the two Alligator species existing in Argentina, the black one and the golden-colors one. Its ornithological wealth includes 350 different bird species.
The Iberá lagoon is the epicenter of the reserve in which wild fauna-watching is beyond comparison.
The Iberá Reserve is currently one of the most important wildlife havens in the world.
How to get there
From Buenos Aires to Mercedes: 800 km approximately by car through National Route 14 and then through National Route 119.
From Mercedes to Colonia Carlos Pellegrini: 115 km distance (National Route 40 – gravel road)
Buenos Aires 800 km
Mercedes 120 km
Posadas 200 km
The nearest airport is Posadas, from there is 230km until reach Carlos Pellegrini.